%0 Journal Article
%T Almost multiplicative linear functionals and approximate spectrum
%J Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
%I Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
%Z 1017-060X
%A Anjidani, E.
%D 2015
%\ 02/01/2015
%V 41
%N 1
%P 177-187
%! Almost multiplicative linear functionals and approximate spectrum
%K almost multiplicative linear functional
%K Ransford spectrum
%K pseudospectrum
%K condition spectrum
%K Gleason-Kahane-Zelazko theorem
%R
%X We define a new type of spectrum, called δ-approximate spectrum, of an element a in a complex unital Banach algebra A and show that the δ-approximate spectrum σ_δ (a) of a is compact. The relation between the δ-approximate spectrum and the usual spectrum is investigated. Also an analogue of the classical Gleason-Kahane-Zelazko theorem is established: For each ε>0, there is δ>0 such that if ϕ is a linear functional with ϕ(a)∈σ_δ (a) for all a∈A, then ϕ is ε-almost multiplicative. Finally, we use these ideas to provide a sufficient condition for a δ-almost multiplicative functional to be multiplicative.
%U http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_596_bec59d33577ac7d73d2c66407e9eec46.pdf