Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
A PRELUDE TO THE THEORY OF RANDOM WALKS IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENTS
5
20
EN
F.
REZAKHANLOU
rezakhan@math.berkeley.edu
A random walk on a lattice is one of the most fundamental models in probability theory.
When the random walk is inhomogenous and its inhomogeniety comes from an ergodic stationary process, the walk is called a
random walk in a random environment (RWRE). The basic questions such as the law of large numbers (LLN), the central limit theorem (CLT),
and the large deviation principle (LDP) are not fully understood for RWRE. Some known results in the case of LLN and LDP are reviewed.
These results are closely related to the homogenization phenomenon
for Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations when both space and time are discretized.
Random walk in a random environment,law of large numbers,large deviation principle,homogenization
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_321.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_321_2248c4b14c7fdc0b2336fbd3371b2af0.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
12
15
COMPOSITE INTERPOLATION METHOD AND THE
CORRESPONDING DIFFERENTIATION MATRIX
21
34
EN
H.
MARZBAN
hmarzban@cc.iut.ac.ir
H.
TABRIZIDOOZ
htabrizidooz@kashanu.ac.ir
Properties of the hybrid of block-pulse functions and Lagrange
polynomials based on the Legendre-Gauss-type points are
investigated and utilized to define the composite interpolation
operator as an extension of the well-known Legendre interpolation
operator. The uniqueness and interpolating properties are
discussed and the corresponding differentiation matrix is also
introduced. The applicability and effectiveness of the method are
illustrated by two numerical experiments.
Block-pulse functions,Lagrange polynomials,Hybrid functions,Gauss pseudospectral method,differentiation
matrices
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_322.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_322_2b6066753cacb933c98a78dbdfe8997a.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
A SYSTEM OF GENERALIZED VARIATIONAL
INCLUSIONS INVOLVING G-eta-MONOTONE MAPPINGS
35
47
EN
M.
ROOHI
m.roohi@umz.ac.ir
M.
ALIMOHAMMADY
amohsen@umz.ac.ir
We introduce a new concept of general
$G$-$eta$-monotone operator generalizing the general
$(H,eta)$-monotone operator cite{arvar2, arvar1}, general
$H-$ monotone operator cite{xiahuang} in Banach spaces, and also
generalizing $G$-$eta$-monotone operator cite{zhang}, $(A,
eta)$-monotone operator cite{verma2}, $A$-monotone operator
cite{verma0}, $(H, eta)$-monotone operator cite{fanghuang},
$H$-monotone operator cite{fanghuang1, {fanghuangthompson}},
maximal $eta$-monotone operator cite{fanghuang0} and classical
maximal monotone operators cite{zeid} in Hilbert spaces. We provide
some examples and study some properties of general
$G$-$eta$-monotone operators. Moreover, the generalized proximal
mapping associated with this type of monotone operator is defined
and its Lipschitz continuity is established. Finally, using
Lipschitz continuity of generalized proximal mapping under some
conditions a new system of variational inclusions is solved.
Variational inclusions,proximal mapping,Monotone Operator
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_323.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_323_98793a2abdc7993aabb4da3945e1d63f.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR FLOW OF A SISKO FLUID
IN PIPE
49
60
EN
N.
MOALLEMI
nima.moallemi@yahoo.com
I.
SHAFIEENEJAD
shafiee-iman@yahoo.com
A.
NOVINZADEH
novinzadeh@kntu.ac.ir
By means of He's homotopy perturbation method
(HPM) an approximate solution of velocity eld is derived for the
ow in straight pipes of non-Newtonian
uid obeying the Sisko
model. The nonlinear equations governing the
ow in pipe are for-
mulated and analyzed, using homotopy perturbation method due
to He. Furthermore, the obtained solutions for velocity eld is
graphically sketched and compared with Newtonian
uid to show
the accuracy of this work. Volume
ux, average velocity and pres-
sure gradient are also calculated. Results reveal that the proposed
method is very eective and simple for solving nonlinear equations
like non-Newtonian
uids.
Non-Newtonian
uid,nonlinear equation,Sisko model,homotopy perturbation
method (HPM)
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_324.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_324_05383a13d44736bbb607dc866bd74fb3.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
APPROXIMATION OF STOCHASTIC PARABOLIC
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH TWO DIFFERENT
FINITE DIFFERENCE SCHEMES
61
83
EN
A.
SOHEILI
soheili@um.ac.ir
M.
NIASAR
bishei@mail.usb.ac.ir
M.
AREZOOMANDAN
arezoomandan@ mail.usb.ac.ir
We focus on the use of two stable and accurate explicit
finite difference schemes in order to approximate the solution of
stochastic partial differential equations of It¨o type, in particular,
parabolic equations. The main properties of these deterministic
difference methods, i.e., convergence, consistency, and stability, are
separately developed for the stochastic cases.
Stochastic partial differential equations,finite difference methods,Saul’yev methods,convergence,Stability,Wiener process
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_325.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_325_50c2301dc8a08d7ed9e358edb432b737.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
PROJECTED DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS AND
OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS
85
100
EN
A.
MALEK
mala@modares.ac.ir
S.
EZAZIPOUR
ezazipour@modares.ac.ir
N.
HOSSEINIPOUR-MAHANI
n.mahani@modares.ac.ir
We establish a relationship between general constrained
pseudoconvex optimization problems and globally projected dynamical
systems. A corresponding novel neural network model,
which is globally convergent and stable in the sense of Lyapunov,
is proposed. Both theoretical and numerical approaches are considered.
Numerical simulations for three constrained nonlinear optimization
problems are given to show that the numerical behaviors
are in good agreement with the theoretical results.
Dynamical systems,optimization problems,neural networks,variational inequalities,globally convergence
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_326.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_326_2e2eda1f0dba9e345cd2cb4e8b33ad8b.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
LINEAR ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF ZEROS OF
ABELIAN INTEGRALS FOR A KIND OF QUINTIC
HAMILTONIANS
101
116
EN
N.
NYAMORADI
nyamoradi@math.iut.ac.ir
H.
ZANGENEH
hamidz@cc.iut.ac.ir
We consider the number of zeros of the integral $I(h) = oint_{Gamma_h} omega$ of real polynomial form $omega$ of degree not greater than $n$ over a family of vanishing cycles on curves $Gamma_h:$ $y^2+3x^2-x^6=h$, where the integral is considered as a function of the parameter $h$. We prove that the number of zeros of $I(h)$, for $0 < h < 2$, is bounded above by $2[frac{n-1}{2}]+1$.
Zeros of Abelian integrals,Hilbert's 16th problem,limit cycles
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_327.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_327_167f1b64e2cf1377a8f6fed876cb6919.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
PAIRED ANISOTROPIC DISTRIBUTION FOR IMAGE
SELECTIVE SMOOTHING
117
131
EN
A.
MADANKAN
amadankan@gmail.com
In this paper, we present a novel approach for image selective smoothing by the evolution of two paired nonlinear
partial differential equations. The distribution coefficient in de-noising equation controls the speed of distribution, and is
determined by the edge-strength function. In the previous works, the edge-strength function depends on isotropic
smoothing of the image, which results in failing to preserve corners and junctions, and may also result in failing to resolve
small features that are closely grouped together. The proposed approach obtains the edge-strength function by solving a
nonlinear distribution equation governed by the norm of the image gradient. This edge-strength function is then introduced
into a well-studied anisotropic distribution model to yield a regularized distribution coefficient for image smoothing. An explicit
numerical scheme is employed to efficiently solve these two paired equations. Compared with the existing methods, the
proposed approach has the advantages of more detailed preservation and implementational simplicity. Experimental results
on the synthesis and real images confirm the validity of the proposed approach.
Computer vision,anisotropic distribution,Image smoothing,partial differential
equation
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_328.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_328_5608c91977234ae7dcadecda4d587e07.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
AN INTRODUCTION TO HIGHER CLUSTER
CATEGORIES
137
157
EN
A.
BUAN
aslakb@math.ntnu.no
In this survey, we give an overview over some aspects
of the set of tilting objects in an $m-$cluster category, with focus
on those properties which are valid for all $m geq 1$. We focus on the
following three combinatorial aspects: modeling the set of tilting
objects using arcs in certain polygons, the generalized assicahedra
of Fomin and Reading, and colored quiver mutation.
Cluster categories,tilting,triangulated categories
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_329.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_329_995a3b87119ae4d18ab2fb1a2224a40c.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
ALGEBRAS WITH CYCLE-FINITE STRONGLY SIMPLY
CONNECTED GALOIS COVERINGS
159
186
EN
J.
DE LA PENA
jap@matem.unam.mx
Let $A$ be a nite dimensional $k-$algebra and $R$ be a
locally bounded category such that $R rightarrow R/G = A$ is a Galois covering
dened by the action of a torsion-free group of automorphisms
of $R$. Following [30], we provide criteria on the convex subcategories
of a strongly simply connected category R in order to be a cycle-
nite category and describe the module category of $A$. We provide
criteria for $A$ to be of polynomial growth
Module category of an algebra,infinite radical,Galois coverings,cycles of modules
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_330.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_330_c71915e6b4ef58de1db68fafba6d960c.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
CLUSTER ALGEBRAS AND CLUSTER CATEGORIES
187
234
EN
B.
KELLER
keller@math.jussieu.fr
These are notes from introductory survey lectures given
at the Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics
(IPM), Teheran, in 2008 and 2010. We present the definition and
the fundamental properties of Fomin-Zelevinsky’s cluster algebras.
Then, we introduce quiver representations and show how they can
be used to construct cluster variables, which are the canonical generators
of cluster algebras. From quiver representations, we proceed
to the cluster category, which yields a complete categorification of
the cluster algebra and its combinatorial underpinnings.
Cluster algebra,quiver representation,cluster category,triangulated category
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_331.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_331_d4a48fe4c80e61417522a29c539ecce5.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
Rings of Singularities
235
271
EN
H.
LENZING
helmut@math.uni-paderborn.de
This paper is a slightly revised version of an introduction into singularity theory corresponding to a series of lectures given at the ``Advanced School and Conference on homological and geometrical methods in representation theory'' at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Miramare - Trieste, Italy, 11-29 January 2010.
We show how to associate to a triple of positive integers $(p_1,p_2,p_3)$ a two-dimensional isolated graded singularity by an elementary procedure that works over any field $k$ (with no assumptions on characteristic, algebraic closedness or cardinality). This assignment starts from the triangle singularity $x_1^{p_1}+x_2^{p_2}+x_3^{p_3}$ and when applied to the Platonic (or Dynkin) triples, it produces the famous list of A-D-E-singularities. As another particular case, the procedure yields Arnold's famous strange duality list consisting of the 14 exceptional unimodular singularities (and an infinite sequence of further singularities not treated here in detail).
As we are going to show, weighted projective lines and various triangulated categories attached to them play a key role in the study of the triangle and associated singularities.
Weighted projective line,(extended) canonical algebra,simple singularity,Arnold's strange duality,stable category of vector bundles
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_332.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_332_2305be4c2f9611a65dc6ead6821fd829.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
RIGID DUALIZING COMPLEXES
273
290
EN
A.
NEEMAN
Amnon.Neeman@anu.edu.au
Let $X$ be a sufficiently nice scheme.
We survey some recent progress on dualizing complexes. It turns
out that a complex in $kinj X$ is dualizing if and only if
tensor product with it induces an equivalence of categories
from Murfet's new
category $kmpr X$ to the category
$kinj X$. In these terms, it
becomes interesting to wonder how to glue such equivalences.
Dualizing complex,Grothendieck duality
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_333.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_333_341c4f567b539260a85b4d60696ed342.pdf
Iranian Mathematical Society (IMS)
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
1017-060X
1735-8515
37
No. 2
2011
07
15
ON THE USE OF KULSHAMMER TYPE INVARIANTS
IN REPRESENTATION THEORY
291
341
EN
A.
ZIMMERMANN
alexander.zimmermann@u-picardie.fr
Since 2005 a new powerful invariant of an algebra has
emerged using the earlier work of Horvath, Hethelyi, Kulshammer
and Murray. The authors studied Morita invariance of a sequence
of ideals of the center of a nite dimensional algebra over a eld
of nite characteristic. It was shown that the sequence of ideals is
actually a derived invariant, and most recently a slightly modied
version of it is an invariant under stable equivalences of Morita
type. The invariant was used in various contexts to distinguish
derived and stable equivalence classes of pairs of algebras in very
subtle situations. Generalisations to non symmetric algebras and to
higher Hochschild (co-)homology were given. This article surveys
the results and gives some of the constructions in more details.
Derived equivalences,stable equivalences,tame algebras,periodic algebras
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_334.html
http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_334_ab264858c64fce7ff1142c607288bc5c.pdf