TY - JOUR
ID - 373
TI - Upper bounds on the solutions to n = p+m^2
JO - Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society
JA - BIMS
LA - en
SN - 1017-060X
AU - Nayebi, A.
AD -
Y1 - 2011
PY - 2011
VL - 37
IS - No. 4
SP - 95
EP - 108
KW - Additive
KW - Conjecture H
KW - circle method
DO -
N2 - ardy and Littlewood conjectured that every large integer $n$ that is not a square is the sum of a prime and a square. They believed that the number $mathcal{R}(n)$ of such representations for $n = p+m^2$ is asymptotically given by begin{equation*} mathcal{R}(n) sim frac{sqrt{n}}{log n}prod_{p=3}^{infty}left(1-frac{1}{p-1}left(frac{n}{p}right)right), end{equation*} where $p$ is a prime, $m$ is an integer, and $left(frac{n}{p}right)$ denotes the Legendre symbol. Unfortunately, as we will later point out, this conjecture is difficult to prove and not emph{all} integers that are nonsquares can be represented as the sum of a prime and a square. Instead in this paper we prove two upper bounds for $mathcal{R}(n)$ for $n le N$. The first upper bound applies to emph{all} $n le N$. The second upper bound depends on the possible existence of the Siegel zero, and assumes its existence, and applies to all $N/2 < n le N$ but at most $ll N^{1-delta_1}$ of these integers, where $N$ is a sufficiently large positive integer and $0
UR - http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_373.html
L1 - http://bims.iranjournals.ir/article_373_7f13a2f116adbcbc04a1fe39e84b7444.pdf
ER -