Document Type: Special Issue of BIMS in Honor of Professor Freydoon Shahidi
We study $R$-groups for $p$-adic inner forms of quasi-split special unitary groups. We prove Arthur's conjecture, the isomorphism between the Knapp-Stein $R$-group and the Langlands-Arthur $R$-group, for quasi-split special unitary groups and their inner forms. Furthermore, we investigate the invariance of the Knapp-Stein $R$-group within $L$-packets and between inner forms. This work is applied to transferring known results in the second-named author's earlier work for quasi-split special unitary groups to their non-quasi-split inner forms.