\varphi-amenability of Banach algebras

Document Type : Research Paper


Semnan University


Let $A$ be an arbitrary Banach algebra and $varphi$ a homomorphism from $A$ onto $Bbb C$. Our first purpose in this paper is to give some equivalent conditions under which
guarantees a $varphi$-mean of norm one. Then we find some conditions under which there exists a $varphi$-mean in the weak$^*$ cluster of ${ain A; |a|=varphi(a)=1}$ in $A^{**}$.


Main Subjects